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Tatirano Social Enterprise

Clean water for everyone in Madagascar

Impact

Madagascar is home to 26 million people, most of whom live in extreme poverty - on less than $1.90 USD a day. They can walk miles each day, through treacherous terrain, to retrieve water from streams and ponds that may be safe to drink one day and contaminated the next. If they are lucky, there is a reliable clean water source—but it can be located very far from home.

The United Nations has recognized the fundamental need for clean water in Sustainable Development Goal 6 (to ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all by 2030). Our mission aligns directly with this: to bring clean water to everyone, everywhere in Madagascar.

Madagascar: the facts

Population living on less than $1.90 per day

75%

Population (2018 estimate)

26,262,313

Population living without access to basic drinking water in the Anosy region of southeast Madagascar

74%

Average monthly rainfall in the southeast

132mm

About

We are a social enterprise called Tatirano, which in Malagasy means to “collect water.” A social enterprise exists first and foremost to bring about positive social change, like clean water to those that don't have it – and that's why we are here.

We aim to achieve a sustainable model whereby we can use the profits from private projects in tandem with donations to maximise our mission of clean water for everyone, everywhere in Madagascar.

Programmatic strategy

To achieve this we have established a multi-pronged approach based on three programmes:

  1. Our first programme is what we live for – social impact. We install rainwater harvesting systems in schools, in health clinics, in communities, and we might make a loss financially but we think it's worth it – especially since this programme usually targets those in the most need. At each system we set up sustainable models for management and maintenance that mean systems can contribute to paying someone to look after the systems and distribute water.
  2. Our second programme provides clean water on the doorstep for the first time – an affordable solution for people to have their own rainwater harvesting system at their homes. Using specialist equipment we manufacture our own low-cost, durable bladder tanks and install these at each home with the required guttering and fittings. In this programme we aim to cover our costs, without providing subsidies.
  3. Our final programme is what we hope will cover our costs sustainably in the future – profit making systems. These are aimed at wealthier individuals and private institutions such as hotels and office buildings. We want to maximise the profit here to share it with our social programme.
  4. We hope that by combining a traditional business model with social aims, we can be flexible, responsive and ultimately independent so that our organisation can always stand on its own two feet. This means that we will not only be able to install more and more systems to reach more people with clean water, but also that we can provide ongoing monitoring and support to ensure systems continue to work over time: clean water for everyone, everywhere, all of the time, in Madagascar.

    Rainwater harvesting

    Our simple rooftop collection systems send abundant rainfall to a tank with a tap. Instead of a potentially failure-prone filter, we use a ‘first flush’ mechanism to divert the first rain that runs off the dusty roof and gutters; self-cleansing to avoid contamination. We have found that our systems can provide water free from harmful bacteria and completely safe for consumption based on the World Health Organisation's guideline for drinking water quality. We continually make improvements to the design while keeping it simple and keeping costs as low as possible.

    Our impact so far

    The social enterprise now manages RWH systems across the Regions of Anosy and Androy with a rainfall collection potential of 2,800,000 litres per year and a storage capacity of 350,000 litres.

    Thats 4,020 people each month that has access to clean water either for use at home or at school because of Tatirano Social Enterprise activities.

A small girl dragging a bidon of water in Madagascar

Our team

Harry Chaplin
Harry Chaplin Director

Harry's passion of the weird and wonderful wildlife of Madagascar originally attracted him to the red island in 2011. Ever since that brief four week stint in the forests of the southeast, Harry has been using his engineering background to improve access to clean water for the people of Madagascar a bucket at a time. He setup a rainwater harvesting project in the rural southeast of Madagascar with SEED Madagascar before founding Tatirano Social Enterprise to enable long term access to clean water for everyone, everywhere.

Fidelos Wilmin Ramanantsiadiana
Fidelos Wilmin Ramanantsiadiana Head of Construction

Fidelos went to school in Manambaro and at the Lutherien Ambohimazava College in Fort Dauphin where he studied masonry and carpentry. He then joined ONG PACT Madagascar in 2003 working on their tree nurseries and later as a deliverer for Telma. In 2011, Fidelos joined the construction team at ONG Azafady and later the construction team at SEED Madagascar, before joining Tatirano Social Enterprise in 2019.

Advisory

Nancy Taussig
Nancy Arnot Taussig

In July 2018, Nancy Arnot Taussig was appointed Executive Director of the Promise of Childhood Campaign. This campaign, launched in honor of Save the Children's centennial, aims to raise $100 million in funds to drive the charity's ambitions for the next 100 years and help make the promise of childhood a reality.

She joined Save the Children in 1996 and has since held the positions of Global Director and Associate Vice President of Foundations and Trusts, and Vice President of Resource Development, leading a team of more than 200 with nearly $300M in private revenue.

Throughout her professional and personal life, Nancy has committed herself to improving the quality of life for people of all ages. She currently is a Board Member of the Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy and Backcountry Medical Guides. Nancy graduated from The Catholic University of America with a Bachelor of Science in Nursing. She earned top honors, and memberships into the Blue Key Honor Fraternity and Sigma Epsilon Phi. Residing in Larchmont, New York, Nancy is married with four children.

Ilan Adler
Dr Ilan Adler

Ilan works as a principal teaching fellow in Environmental Engineering Design at University College London (UCL), where he did his PhD in rainwater harvesting techniques. He is a Royal Academy of Engineering (RAEng) Enterprise Fellow as well as the Director for the MSc in Engineering and International Development.

He is founder and chairman of the International Renewable Resources Institute (IRRI-Mexico), an NGO specializing in the promotion of renewable energies and sustainable water practices throughout rural and urban areas in Mexico, and currently one of Engineers Without Borders' (EWB-UK) main partners in the region.

Through a number of start-up companies he has also been involved in consulting, design and implementation of appropriate technologies such as rainwater harvesting, biogas and solar systems. His publications include articles, short stories and children's books related to water conservation and environmentalism.

Cody Moolman
Cody Moolman

Originally from South Africa, Cody now based in London and is currently a senior manager at KPMG UK in Financial Services Consulting.

He is also Chairman of the Board of Trustees for SEED Madagascar, a UK based charity with operations in southeast Madagascar. He is thus able to draw on a varied background to provide support and advice to staff of Tatirano.

Outside of work Cody is an avid birdwatcher and hiker.

Hasina Randrianjafy
Hasina Randrianjafy

Hasina Randrianjafy was born and raised in Madagascar, in the small town of Ambositra about 250 km from the capital, Antananarivo. Hasina won the Madagascar Presidential Scholarship in 2004 to pursue her education at Abilene Christian University in Abilene, Texas where she earned her Bachelor in Environmental Science. Ambitious to contribute to Madagascar's development, Hasina returned to her country and started working at the Presidency of Madagascar, before joining a nickel and cobalt mining company called Ambatovy, an international joint venture established in eastern Madagascar.

Hasina's passion for water, sanitation and hygiene emerged when she joined WaterAid in 2014. She took a year out from her time with WaterAid to study for her MSc in Environmental Management from Kingston University London under the prestigious Chevening Scholarship. Six years after joining WaterAid, Hasina is currently Advocacy Officer at WaterAid in Madagascar, supporting local governments and civil society organisations to realise everyone's rights to WASH.

Partners

End Water Poverty SEED Madagascar University College London Ministère de l'Eau, de l'Assainissement et de l'Hygiene Royal Academy of Engineering Centre Medical de Fort Dauphin Connect for Water Clean Water Healthy Village Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam Commune Urbaine de Fort-Dauphin The Travers Cox Charitable Foundation Université d'Antananarivo University of Strathclyde

Projects

A handwashing station in Tanambao market, Fort Dauphin
Fidelos organising the handwashing team as part of our COVID-19 response A handwashing station in Tanambao market, Fort Dauphin Close up of handwashing during our Coronavirus response in Fort Dauphin, Madagascar Schoolteachers re-employed as handwashing station operators during the Coronavirus pandemic in Madagascar

COVID-19 Response

23 handwashing stations | 325,000+ pairs of hands washed

After the WHO declared the coronavirus a global pandemic, Madagascar shut its borders to slow the spread. In response, Tatirano Social Enterprise transformed from a long-term development social enterprise to a humanitarian response. In close collaboration with the Mayor of Fort Dauphin, the Ministry of Public Health and the Ministry of WASH, and an overwhelming response to a crowdfunding page, Tatirano Social Enterprise established 23 handwashing stations throughout markets and busy areas of Fort Dauphin.

Handwashing stations were intentionally simple: three buckets, two cups, soap and water. To manage the stations, Tatirano Social Enterprise hired 75 primary school teachers, most of whom were unemployed due to school closures, and kept buckets full with rainwater from Tatirano Social Enterprise's school system at EPP Tanambao (below) via a bladder tank strapped to a cart. Over the 11 weeks the handwashing campaign has run so far, the project has recorded 325,000 handwashes. A steady 4,200 handwashes per day suggests a significant demand and understanding of hygiene practices and reinforces Tatirano Social Enterprise's fundamental aims of improving access to clean water to everyone, everywhere.

Map of handwashing station locations

Tsihombe church, Androy Region, Madagascar
School in Tsihombe, Androy, south Madagascar Tsihombe church, Androy Region, Madagascar Tsihombe church seen through the trees in Androy

Saint Vincent de Paul, Tsihombe, Androy Region

Connecting 3,000 m2 of roof and repairing 280 m3 of storage capacity | ONGOING

A change in aims and technique was required for Tatirano's first project in the arid region of Androy in the south of Madagascar. In a climate of limited rain across only a few short months, collection surface and storage for dry months is absolutely critical. This is why Tatirano's pilot in the Androy region is such a huge project.

Saint Vincent de Paul is part of the Catholic Church and houses a range of social projects. The water system, when completed, will provide a million litres of water per year for 995 school students between the ages of 3 and 25 years old; 75 handicapped Tsihombe residents who are fed on site every day; and 114 other people working on the site as teachers, constructors or as Sisters of the Church. Furthermore, a community kiosk will be installed at one of the storage tanks and a female Tatirano Agent will manage sale of water and maintenance of the systems.

As soon as Coronavirus travel restrictions are cleared, the team will return to finish the installation.

Water tank in use at EPP Tanambao in Taolagnaro Madagascar
Two Tatirano water tanks at EPP Tanambao in Fort Dauphin, Madagascar Water tank in use at EPP Tanambao in Taolagnaro Madagascar

EPP Tanambao

Public school, 10,000 litres | Completed | 2020

Tanambao is one of the most densely populated neighbourhoods in Taolagnaro. The primary school has 1400 students from 3 years to 17 years old. In the absence of a reliable water source on site, students weren't washing hands, especially after using the toilet.

Linking up with Stop Hunger and other individual donors from Taolagnaro, Tatirano Social Enterprise installed two 5,000 litre water tanks with a collection potential of over 750,000 litres per year. With a clear surplus on the school's needs, a community kiosk was established to sell extra water to the local community. Our first Tatirano Agent, Madame Donine, manages the sale of water and the functioning the systems.

Andramanaka primary school with Tatirano system installed, Madagascar
Andramanaka primary school with Tatirano system installed, Madagascar Close up of tank with tap and beneficiary Female Tatirano Agent, Rosseliane, in front of the tank at Andramanaka Happy kids at Andramanaka site in Anosy, Madagascar

EPP Andramanaka

Public school, 10,000 litres | Completed | 2019

Andramanaka is a large village of 1,700 people set a five-hour dirt-road ride away from Fort Dauphin. A 10,000 litre ferrocement rainwater harvesting system will collect nearly 240,000 litres of clean water each year. The tank is completely closed to outside contamination and each new rainfall event cleans the roof and gutters itself with the help of our simple ‘first flush’ systems – ensuring high quality water. The 300 students at the school will only use a fraction of the water available by the system, and so a community pay-as-you-use water kiosk was installed to share the surplus and is managed by our female Tatirano Agent, Rosseliane.

Finished tank with solar panels outside Centre Medical de Taolagnaro
Finished tank at the Centre Medical de Taolagnaro Painting the Tatirano logo on a finished tank at Centre Medical Tank under construction at medical centre in Fort Dauphin Finished tap and water collection point

Centre Médical de Taolagnaro

Private clinic, 20,000 litres | Completed | 2019

This private hospital bases its philosophy on the story of Robin Hood – taking from the rich and sharing with the poor. We installed 20,000 litres of capacity across three rainwater harvesting systems with a total collecting potential of over 500,000 litres of clean water each year. With over 500 people passing through the centre each month, these water systems are providing a reliable clean water source to over 6000 people each year.

Ambandrika school with Tatirano system installed, in Sainte Luce, Madagascar
Ambandrika school with Tatirano system installed, in Sainte Luce, Madagascar Female Tatirano Agent next to Tatirano tank in Sainte Luce Ambandrika school with Tatirano system installed, in Sainte Luce, Madagascar

EPP Ambandrika

Public school, 20,000 litres | Completed

In 2016, SEED Madagascar installed two 10,000 litre plastic water tanks and accompanying rainwater collection system at a village primary school in Ambandrika, Sainte Luce. With the main aim of ensuring the 150 school children aged between 4 and 15 have water to drink and wash their hands.

SEED went on to install a gravity-fed pipeline to a community kiosk sharing the water with the community. As of 2020, SEED have handed over responsibility of rainwater harvesting system to Tatirano Social Enterprise. Tatirano's third female Tatirano Agent, Madame Harena, has been employed to manage, maintain and sell the water to the local community. The revenue gained will contribute to the Agent's salary and to maintenance costs.

500 litre plastic bladder tank installed with a bidon first flush in Madagascar
Tatirano 500 litre plastic bladder rainwater harvesting tank 1000 litre bladder tank seen from above 500 litre plastic bladder tank installed with a bidon first flush in Madagascar Sebastien lying on top of a completed 1000 litre bladder tank

Private household bladder tanks

500 litres and 1000 litres | Affordable water at the home | zero subsidy, zero profit

The state-owned utility company, JIRAMA, is vastly under-resourced and as such, can only provide approximately 2/3 of Taolagnaro's daily demand when running at full capacity. Tatirano Social Enterprise has begun discussions and planning sessions to explore options of supporting this capacity at the municipal level with a future partnership very likely.

Meanwhile, Tatirano has manufactured affordable rainwater harvesting solutions for middle-income families to have control over their own water supply at home.

Upcoming projects

EPP Mananara II

Public school and community kiosk, 10,000 litres | Planned | 2020

The proven model of installing rainwater harvesting at a school and selling the surplus at a community kiosk will be replicated in this rural community. Work has been delayed due to the Coronavirus but work has now started and the project is due to be completed in late July 2020.

Lycée Pole

Public school, 20,000 litres | Planned | 2020

This secondary school system had been in the pipeline for nearly a year when Coronavirus immediately caused Peace Corps Volunteers to be evacuated from Madagascar and all grants were cancelled. Despite the drawback, the funding was still raised via private donors and the project will go ahead in early August 2020, bringing clean water to a school of over 1,300 students.

Support Us

With your help…

  • $5000 — a 40,000 litre system for a community water kiosk to serve 200 of the most vulnerable families
  • $2600 — a 20,000 litre system for a community water kiosk to serve 100 of the most vulnerable families
  • $1000 — a 5,000 litre system to supply a school of 300 students with clean water for handwashing and drinking during the school day
  • $500 — five 500 litre home systems for 5 of the most vulnerable families to have clean water at home
  • $100 — one 500 litre home system for a vulnerable family to have clean water at home

Donate from the US

Support us from the US via Connect for Water - US 501(c)(3) authorized.

 

International donors

At the moment we are unable to provide tax-free donations internationally however we can receive donations to our UK and Malagasy Tatirano Social Enterprise bank accounts.

Contact us for more information

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Contact

Email us

You can also email directly to info@tatirano.org.

Find us

Tatirano Social Enterprise
Bazarikely
Fort Dauphin
Madagascar